Applications of enzymes in the technical industry
Enzymes are used in the production of ethanol. Ethanol has many different properties and can be used in a wide-range of products such as beverages, green chemicals, pharmaceuticals, plastics, cosmetics, industrial products (solvents, paint) and, increasingly, as a renewable transport fuel. In this case it is called bioethanol.
Bioethanol is a sustainable alternative to fossil based petrol (gasoline) and has the advantage of reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transport by up to 90%. This is relevant considering transport is responsible for a quarter of global energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. That share is rising and biofuel such as bioethanol is the only currently available way to effectively turn this tide.